Aloe

Aloes are a large genus of very diverse plants comprising around 450 species, many of which have been adopted as medicinal plants since ancient times. Most are from Africa, Arabia and Madagascar. Aloes come in a variety of shapes and sizes, from the small grass aloes to those many metres tall. The spiky leaves and the bitter tasting sap prevent animal and insect attack. The leaves are waxy with sunken pores to prevent water loss.

CULTIVATION TIPS
Aloes are essentially easy plants to grow. They are summer growers requiring light shade to filtered sun, reddening with more light exposure. Water regularly in summer but keep drier in winter during their dormant period. Grow them in light, fertile, well-drained, moderate soils, with a slightly acidic pH (5-6). Drought tolerant. Frost sensitive.

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Aloe aculeata Aloe aculeata

Aloe aculeata Click here

South Africa. A solitary stemless rosette to 100cm tall and wide. Flattish fat dull-green/turquoise arching leaves with red/brown triangular teeth on the margins and undersides. Red/green tubular flowers.

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Aloe aristata Aloe aristata

Aloe aristata

South Africa. ‘Lace Aloe’. A beautiful species with dense rosettes to 30cm wide of dark green leaves marked by small white tuberculate bumps and the leaf margins are armed by soft white teeth. The underside of the leaves bear white stripes. Orange-red bells in summer.

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Aloe 'Black Gem' Aloe 'Black Gem'

Aloe 'Black Gem'

A densely packed clump-forming cultivar to 10cm tall with thick pointed dark green to bronze/nutmeg leaves. The colour intensifies during summer to a near black. Offsets freely. Orange-red flowers in spring. 10cm tall. Orange flowers bloom in spring. Offsets freely.

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Aloe brevifolia Aloe brevifolia

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South Africa. Compact clumping rosettes to 20cm wide with stacking leaves to 30cm tall. Pale waxy blue-green leaves, fat and triangular with soft white teeth. Spines can line the back of the leaves. Tinged purple/pink in full sun. Variable tubular flowers from yellow to scarlet.

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Aloe broomii Aloe broomii

Aloe broomii

South Africa. A short-stemmed, robust aloe, with dense, usually solitary, rosettes to 50cm tall and wide. Green leaves rimmed with reddish brown teeth. Pale green/yellow flowers in spring. The buds are completely hidden behind large bracts that are densely arranged.

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Aloe comosa Aloe comosa

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A striking, single-stemmed, summer-flowering aloe that is hardly known in cultivation. Blue/green leaves tinged pink, smooth and slightly recurved. Margins bear small red brown thorns. Pink/ivory flowers.

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Aloe 'Dark Beauty' Aloe 'Dark Beauty'

Aloe 'Dark Beauty'

A beautiful cultivar forming a compact rosette to 15cm wide. Deep green triangular leaves rimmed with soft white teeth.

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Aloe descoingsii Aloe descoingsii

Aloe descoingsii. Click here

Madagascar. The smallest of the Aloes with flattish rosettes to 5cm wide. Clumps freely forming dense groups. Stiff short dark grey-green leaves curled downward. Beautiful white markings, distinct white marginal teeth. Scarlet-orange flowers with yellow petal tips in summer

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Aloe 'Doran Black' Aloe 'Doran Black'

Aloe 'Doran Black'

A squat clump-forming aloe; bright green spear-shaped leaves heavily mottled with white. Red/orange flowers. Part sun/light shade.

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Aloe ferox Aloe ferox

Aloe ferox

South Africa. 'Bitter Aloe'. Usually solitary. Green/grey leaves arranged in a rosette, tinged red in the sun. Red marginal spines and sometimes on the leaf surfaces. Candelabra-like flower-head with yellow/red flowers. Medicinal qualities: laxative, arthritis.

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Aloe glauca Aloe glauca

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Northern Cape, South Africa. A stemless aloe with rosettes to 50cm in diameter with large thick glaucous powdery leaves tinged pink in the sun. Smooth leaf surfaces, reddish-brown marginal teeth. Up to three cone-shaped inflorescences of pink to pale orange flowers.

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Aloe haworthioides Aloe haworthioides

Aloe haworthioides

Madagascar. A pretty, slow growing clumping Aloe, compact rosettes to 5cm wide. Dark green leaves to 4cm long. Terminal spine, small white spots and soft feathery white marginal hairy spines. Late summer flowers, fragrant, pale pink/orange, tubular, with extended filaments.

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Aloe 'Hedgehog' Aloe 'Hedgehog'

Aloe 'Hedgehog'

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Aloe humilis Aloe humilis

Aloe humilis Click here

South Africa. A low growing suckering Aloe forming clusters of rosettes to 20cm wide. Pale blue-grey-green lineate leaves with thin white marginal spines. The waxy surface is covered with irregularly spaced tubercules in tranverse rows. Orange-scarlet tubular spring flowers.

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Aloe juvenna Aloe juvenna

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Kenya. Attractive smallish spikey rosettes of bright green leaves with lighter green spots on inner and outer surfaces. Leaf margins have small teeth. Suckers profusely and makes almost a groundcover effect. Basally branching to 30cm tall. Bright coral-pink flowers.

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Aloe mcloughlinii Aloe mcloughlinii

Aloe mcloughlinii

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Aloe mitriformis Aloe mitriformis

Aloe mitriformis

South Africa. ‘Gold Tooth Aloe’. A clump-forming upright aloe to 30cm tall with rich green leaves speckled with white. Lightly toothed margins. Rosettes to 20cm across. Red flowers in summer.

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Aloe peacockii Aloe peacockii

Aloe peacockii

NE Africa. A dramatic species with triangular leaves heavily speckled with dark green and white. Yellow flowers.

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Aloe peglerae Aloe peglerae

Aloe peglerae Click here

Endangered species. Small cool blue rosettes with grey-green leaves curving inward. White spines changing to red/brown on older leaves. The backs of the leaves have spines midway from the base to the top. Winter flowers dull red with purplish stamens.

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Aloe plicatilis Aloe plicatilis

Aloe plicatilis

A unique and striking much-branched shrub or small tree to 5m tall (1.5m in 10 years). Forked stems with clusters of strap-shaped leaves arranged in 2 opposite rows like a fan.Smooth grey-green leaves to 30cm long. Tubular scarlet flowers in late winter.

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Aloe sladeniana Aloe sladeniana

Aloe sladeniana

Namibia. A compact chunky aloe with deep green triangular leaves covered in elongated white spots. White leaf margins. Grows to 25cm tall and wide. Red flowers in the spring.

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Aloe spinosissima Aloe spinosissima

Aloe spinosissima

‘Spider Aloe’. Fast growing clumping species with rosettes to 25cm wide. Grey-green spineless recurved leaves. Offsets freely. Red flowers in spring.

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Aloe striata Aloe striata

Aloe striata Click here

South Africa. A sculptural aloe to 25cm tall and 45cm wide. Smooth blue-green leaves turning pink in winter and softly striped with many grey-green lines running down the length, and edged with a thin pink margin. Coral flowers in late winter.

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Aloe sucotrina Aloe sucotrina

Aloe sucotrina

South Africa. A cluster-forming aloe to 1.5m tall. Dense rosettes of grey-green leaves, curved and tapering, scattered with white spots. The margins have firm, white, triangular teeth. Striking shiny, dark orange/red flowers.

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Aloe suprafoliata Aloe suprafoliata

Aloe suprafoliata Click here

Stemless solitary rosettes blue/green to dusky purple/green. Soft brown marginal teeth. Leaf tips often red. Juvenile plants have two-ranked leaves with the spiral arrangement appearing after a few years. Flowers are pinkish-red and cylindrical in shape.

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Aloe 'Tarrington' Aloe 'Tarrington'

Aloe 'Tarrington' Click here

A beautiful clumping rosettes succulent to 45cm tall and wide with thick triangular green leaves to 30cm long linearly streaked with white. Soft white teeth along the margins. Bright coral-pink flowers.

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Aloe 'Tegelberg's Triumph' Aloe 'Tegelberg's Triumph'

Aloe 'Tegelberg's Triumph'

A very pretty hybrid of Aloe erinacea x Aloe aristata. The dark green leaves are heavily marked front and back with numerous raised white tubercles and tipped with delicate white filaments giving it a 'lacy' appearance. Soft white teeth along the margins.

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Aloe variegata Aloe variegata

Aloe variegata Click here

South Africa. A stemless Aloe forming 'triangular' rosettes to 30cm tall and wide. Smooth dark green leaves variegated with white. A distinctive keel is present on the back of the leaf. Relatively large orange flowers in spring, edged in green.

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Aloe variegata ‘Splash’ Aloe variegata ‘Splash’

Aloe variegata ‘Splash’

A cultivar of A. variegata forming 'triangular' rosettes to 15cm tall and wide. Smooth dark green leaves lightly streaked and spotted with white. A distinctive keel is present on the back of the leaf. Relatively large orange flowers in spring, edged in green.

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Aloe vera Aloe vera

Aloe vera

Canary Islands. ‘The Medicine Plant’. Long upright bright green leaves speckled with white, edged in soft white teeth. Known for it’s medicinal properties, especially in the treatment of burns. Orange-yellow flowers in spring.

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Aloe 'Zygo' Aloe 'Zygo'

Aloe 'Zygo'

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Aloe unknown (2) Aloe unknown (2)

Aloe unknown (2)

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Aloe unknown (3) Aloe unknown (3)

Aloe unknown (3)

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